This course examines imperialism in Greco-Roman antiquity, with specific reference to the Athenian empire (fifth century BC) and the Roman empire (second century BC to second century AD). Topics to be covered include: attitudes towards empire and imperialism; the social, economic and cultural effects of empire; techniques of control; the responses of imperial subjects. Attention is also paid to the critical evaluation of ancient literary, epigraphic and archaeological sources. Athenian and Roman imperialism are studied separately, but comparisons between the two are drawn, and attention is also paid to the location of ancient imperialism within the broader history of imperialism. (Full course)
* subject to Senate Approval.
This course examines the place of war in Greek society, concentrating on the 5th and 4th centuries BC, and explores how the changing nature of war in Greece both reflected and itself contributed to social change. (Half course)
This course examines religions controversy and debate in the Mediterranean world from c. 50 BCE to c. 350 CE, with special attention to the transition from traditional ‘pagan' religion to Christianity. (Half course)
This course examines the Roman Empire c. 200 B.C. to A.D. 400, concentrating on the social, economic and cultural impact of Roman rule on subject peoples. (Half course)
This course explores at an advanced level the relations between Jews and Christians until the recognition of Christianity by Roman rulers in the fourth century. We pay close attention to questions of method, including historiography, nomenclature, taxonomy, and rhetoric.
This course examines the cultural preoccupations of texts of Sino-Western contacts from the Boxer Rebellion to the present day. Popular culture and the impact on Asian Americans and Modern Chinese youth of the gender stereotyping in such texts are highlighted. Students may not also receive credit for Humanities 6101 6.0.
This course uses both literary accounts and material remains to explore the range of responses by Greek-speaking elites of the eastern Mediterranean basin to Roman rule. The chronological scope is roughly from the middle of the second century BCE (with Polybius and the events leading up to the fall of Corinth) to the middle of the second century CE (to Plutarch, Aristides, and Lucian), by way of several Hellenistic authors including Josephus of Jerusalem.
A seminar on the history and historiography of Greek and Roman domestic architecture from the fifth century B.C.E. to late antiquity. Consideration of houses and house-forms in social and economic aspects as well as their decoration, contents, and urban contexts as known archaeologically; investigation of primary Greek and Latin texts. (Half course)
This course examines the early history of the Greeks. Topics will include the period of recovery after the Dark Age, literacy and orality, political, military and social developments, the influence of other cultures, and the growth of Pan-Hellenic institutions. (Half course)
This course explores the economic history of ancient Greece and Rome. It examines both the general character of the ancient economy and various specific areas of economic activity, such as farming, trade, and manufacture. (Half course - Effective Date & Term: Fall 2007)
This course examines the major trends in intellectual life and education in selected periods of Greek and Roman intellectual history. (Half course - Effective Date & Term: Fall 2007)
This course explores the economic history of ancient Greece and Rome. It examines both the general character of the ancient economy and various specific areas of economic activity, such as farming, trade, and manufacture.
The course examines family structures and family relations in Rome, Italy and the Roman provinces from ca. 200 B.C. to ca A.D. 200, taking account of change over time and variations based on class, ethnicity and geographical setting.
This course examines how crime was produced, defined, repressed and punished in the societies of the Roman Empire. It explores both the actual phenomena of crime and disorder, and ideological reactions to these phenomena.
Cultural history is a nascent field. As yet, it has few journals, societies, or learned institutes. What marks it off from other fields of historical scholarship? Most of all, a heightened sense of the textuality of text: the notion, that is, that all writing, all speech, and indeed, all expressive behaviour, be it cooking, dancing, fighting, making love, work or play, follows complex rules that invite decoding. Cultural history decodes behaviour. It looks for inspiration to anthropology, on the one hand, and to literary theory and literary practice on the other. The object of study are extraordinarily diverse ranging from high culture to low, and scanning behaviour of every sort, from riots and festivities and games to courtesies and ceremonies of state and church. (Full course)
History 5080 will examine selected aspects of the political, economic, diplomatic, social and cultural history of inter-war Europe. The course will concentrate on France, Germany and Italy but some time will also be spent on Spain and Austria. Several weeks will also be devoted to the two world wars. A reading knowledge of at least one European language is desirable but not essential. (Full course)
This course examines themes in the comparative social history of nineteenth and twentieth century health and medicine. Weekly seminar readings will explore how historians have assessed “the people’s health”; the influence of gender, class and race on how scientific-medicine developed and was delivered; the persistence of alternative, complementary, domestic and indigenous modes of healing; and the intersections of health and medicine with militarism, colonialism and environmental change. The course will also evaluate methodological debates that have arisen around how social historians use primary evidence to understand the health and medical practices of ordinary people. (Full course)
This course will begin with an examination of the law of the 1867 constitution and the presumed conventions and assumptions surrounding it. It will then survey the causes and consequences of the changing balance of power between centrifugal and centripetal forces in the political system from the 1880s to the 1982 Constitution and beyond. The bibliography will include substantial literature on Quebec, Ontario, the Atlantic provinces and the west as well as on the diplomacy of federal-provincial relations itself. (Half course)
This course explores themes in the history of education and childhood in Canada from New France to the present. It covers all regions of the country and focuses on elementary and secondary schooling. Its goals are two fold: to examine the links between education and social change, and to assess the historical literature in the field. Students will be invited not only to discuss and debate major topics in the history of education, but also to reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of the historiography itself. This course may be offered as either a half course or a full course subject to faculty availability.(Half/Full Course)
After introducing students to the historiography, the course examines the emergence and evolution of the university in western Europe. It then turns to Canada, and studies the impact of French, English, Scottish and American influences on Canadian university development. The contest between the sacred and the secular, the experience of women, student culture, professionalization, academic freedom, and patterns of university development since World War II comprise a number of course themes. Using the university as a prism, this course is designed to provide students with an appreciation of the interplay between educational and social change. (Half course)
This course examines from a broad social and cultural perspective the history of religion in Canada. It treats religion as a complex phenomenon that has both shaped and been shaped by Canadian society. Encompassing a wide variety of religious beliefs and practices, the course focuses upon native spirituality, the history of religious institutions, popular religion, and the role of religion in ideological formation and cultural expression. The course is also concerned with the relationship among religion and the construction of ethnicity, race, gender, and class. This course may be offered as either a half course or a full course, subject to faculty availability. (Half/Full course)
This course looks at the history and development of the Jewish community in Canada from the arrival of the first settlers in the 1750s to the present. Discussion topics include: early settlements to 1800; integration into Canadian society in the pre-Confederation period; Western farm settlements; Eastern European immigration; anti-Semitism; education; communal activities; organizatoinal life; trade unions, status of Jewish women; contribution to Canada's social, cultural and economic life; Holocaust; political activity; Zionism, multiculturalism and inter-ethnic relations. (Full course)
In this research seminar students will explore dimensions of popular historical consciousness in nineteenth and twentieth century Canada through the reading of popular histories as well as public representations, dramatizations, commemorations and recreations of the past. The seminar will address the following questions: How do communities remember? What do they choose to remember? How do communities make and remake their public historical consciousness? How does popular memory change over time? Public memory and popular history will be broadly conceived to include, for example, festivals, holidays, historic sites and parks, parades, protests, pioneer villages, commemorations, anniversaries, museums, naming, monuments, re-enactments, historical societies, film, theatre, radio and television productions as well as more conventional forms of representation such as school texts, novels and works of popular history intended for a wide audience. The focus will be upon the consumption as well as the production of popular history, upon the multiple meanings created by the interaction between audiences and authors, the ways in which authority and entertainment, play and power, come to terms. (Full Course)
This course will focus on Canadian politics and government in the first half of the twentieth century, and particularly on the period when Mackenzie King held power. Emphasis will be placed on domestic and foreign policy-making, on the period of the wars and the impact of manpower policies, on the growth of the bureaucracy, and on the turn to Keynesianism and social welfare. A research paper based on primary sources is required. A reading knowledge of French is useful. (Full course)
The course will deal with the main social, economic, political and intellectual events and developments in Canada during the Great Depression and the Second World War. Among the subjects to be studied are the Great Crash and its relationship to the Depression, the crisis of western agriculture, unemployment and its relief, fiscal and monetary policies, Dominion-Provincial relations, foreign and trade policy, Canada and refugees, the Canadian war effort, civil liberties, ideas of social change, the conscription crises, and planning for the post-war world. (Full course)
This course examines the changing role of the state in Canada at all levels of government, federal, provincial and municipal, and the way its policies affected economic growth, labour force, composition, resource development and municipal planning. (Half course)
This course explores aspects of the so-called expansion of the role of the state in Canada at all levels following the Second World War, and since the 1980s, its supposed contraction. (Half course)
HIST 5175 3.0: Citizens, Historians and the State: Writing the History of the Welfare State in Canada, 1900-1950
This course examines the development of the modern state in Canada from 1900 down to the rise of the welfare state in the Second World Ward and immediate post-war periods. We will examine the different theoretical perspectives that inform how historians write the history of state formation in Canada, including regulationist, Marxist, feminist and foucauldian approaches to power and process of state formation. Students will examine the multiple ways in which the powers of state have been exercised through economic and social policies and practices of regulation. (Half course - Effective Date & Term: Winter 2008)
The considerable energy invested in creating territorial borders reveals both the historical importance of nationalism and the formation of the nation-state. The study of border-making illuminates the formation of a national community and a delimited state territory. Both are products of the imagination, as Benedict Anderson has eloquently explained, but they have material consequences for those living within those political creations. The history of borderlands and borders often looks at ways that people crossed or defied borders or lived within the ambiguous juncture of national boundary lines.
This course examines the historical construction of the borderlands that link Canada and the United States and situates the changing meaning of the international border from the colonial period to the twentieth century. The first half of the course focuses primarily on relations between aboriginals and non-aboriginals, migration patterns, the politics of national border formation and the shifting economic, environmental and social implications of the Canadian-US borderlands. The second half of the course focuses on detailed primary research into topics relevant to our understanding of the urban and rural patterns of life and the regionalised differences in ethnic composition and race relations. Through discussion of relevant readings and research, students will evaluate the relevance of international borderlands theories to this particular case study.
This course examines the history of aboriginal peoples before 1900 in areas that became the United States and Canada. The course will consider pre-contact communities, European contact, colonization and responses to it. (Half course - Effective Date & Term: Fall 2007)
This course examines the history of aboriginal communities in both Canada and the United States n the twentieth century. For the most part, the course focuses on the ways in which aboriginal communities and organizations responded to industrializations and the nation state.' (Full course)
This course deals with topics in the cultural, intellectual, and social history of modern United States between the years 1890 and 1970. Topics and readings focus on how developments in industry, technology, science, philosophy, war, and the rise of consumerism have affected social organization, culture, and ideas in the United States. Particular attention is paid to the complex interrelationships which prevail among political, social, and intellectual trends. Subjects to be treated will include: industrialism and the rise of urban industrial culture; the politics and culture of progressivism; imperialism and American culture; World War I and society; the 1920s and the culture of modernism; the Depression of the 1930s; World War II, the Cold War and the culture of consensus; the 1960s, Vietnam, and social conflict; the 1970s and the shift to the right. (Full course)
In recent years, a wealth of scholarship on race, gender and ethnicity has transformed the way scholars treat almost every aspect of U.S. history. This course uses this historical literature to re-examine conventional topics, such as the New Deal and the Cold War, broach fresh subjects like the history of whiteness, and shed new light on American culture and politics. Weekly readings explore such topics as slavery, the formation of the U.S. welfare system, Americanization and ethnicity, lynching and miscegenation, African American organizing in the Jim Crow south, gay history, and the urban crisis. (Full course)
The course studies the modern colonization of the Mediterranean by British, French and Italian expansion. A transnational and transcultural perspective adopted in the course enriches students' understanding of the Mediterranean as a concept and as a region.
Empire-building is a central theme in Russian history. The course examines the growth of the Russian empire from the reign of Peter the Great to World War I. It concentrates on the strategy and tactics employed by Russia in overwhelming neighbouring lands, dismantling their forms of self-goverment and replacing them by imperial institutions. The effects on the subject peoples, especially to their elites, of absorption into the empire are assessed.(Half/Full course)
This course is offered as either a full or half course depending on faculty availability.
This course deals with the rationale for expansion utilized by European empires in the 19th century. The focus is on the Russian empire although other European empires are also treated. Russian imperial ideologies are compared and contrasted to those of the British, French, German and Hapsburg empires. Differences and similarities between the social, occupational and institutional bases of the Russian ideologues of empire and those of the other European empires are also examined. A background in European and/or Russian history is required. (Half course)
This course examines the political history, institutional development and ideological framework of the French monarchy with reference to its social and economic structures, with particular attention to the monarchy of Louis XIV (1643-1715). (Half course)
This course examines the political history, institutional development and ideological framework of the Bourbon monarchy in the context of the social and economic structures of the old regime. This course focuses on and examines such questions as the social basis of the monarchical state, the driving forces behind growing state power in the seventeenth century, the nature of resistance to centralization and absolutism, the means of coercion and violence at the disposal of government, the rewards and advantages of office; the role of corruption and influence in the governing process and the ways in which power was disputed and attained. A reading knowledge of French is required if offering Canadian or European history as a major field. (Full course)
A round-table seminar dealing with selected problems in German history from the years of World War I, which rang in the end of the Wilhelmine Empire, to the beginnings of a new democracy under Adenauer's chancellorship. In between lay the crucial era of Weimar democracy, from 1918 to 1933, when Germany struggled with and lost out to the forces of Hitler's National Socialism, and the Third Reich, from 1933 to 1945, when Hitler's totalitarian rule culminated in the Holocaust. The course deals with political, economic, social, and cultural issues in the widest sense, requiring extensive reading for seminar discussion.
Historical study of interactions among human material and symbolic cultures ("economy" and "mentality") and natural forces, processes, and systems ("ecology") in western Christendom (with some attention to European activities elsewhere) between late antiquity and the eve of industrialization. (Full course)
This course examines the relationship between war, peace, and culture in Europe during the twentieth century, with a particular emphasis on the two world wars and the period between 1920 and 1970. (Half course)
This course examines the relationship between war, peace, and culture in Europe during the twentieth century. (Full course - Effective Date & Term: Fall/Winter 2007). Adds full course offering; exists as half course.
This course examines the reciprocal perceptions by Europeans of the peoples with whom they interacted and by those peoples of Europeans. The interactions studied will be chosen from those with the Ottoman Empire, India, Africa, China, Japan, Latin America and the United States. (Half course)
HIST 5370 3.0: Historiography of the French Revolution in the Twentieth Century: from Social Interpretation to Revisionism and Beyond
This course examines how writing about the French Revolution has evolved since the 1950s, when the prevailing 'social interpretation' of the period as a bourgeois revolution was first called into question by English-speaking historians, and then by French historians in the 1970s. The course looks at both the debate over the older interpretation and some of the themes in historical research since, where revisionism has had its greatest impact.
This course considers the history, politics, and theories of European law and integration, from the end of the Second World War to the present, focusing on the European Union and its institutions. We cover theories of regional integration (neofunctionalism, intergovernmentalism, multilevel governance, and others) as they apply to Europe, study the institutions and agencies, and analyze the politics of European governance.
Shanghai has rapidly grown into one of the biggest cities in the world, China’s largest city, and the center of Chinese commerce, fashion, and cosmopolitanism. This course examines its social, political, and cultural history over the past two centuries.
This course surveys early-modern Japan from national unification in 1600 to the arrival of Perry in 1853 - two-and-a half centuries of domestic peace in "national seclusion." We study numerous topics: the East Asian world order within which Tokugawa seclusion must be viewed, "centralized feudalism" under a shogun-emperor dyarchy, Japan's selective borrowing from China and the West, the growth of doctrines, inimical bakufu hegemony, and the development of socio-economic ills that were insolvable within the system. Reading knowledge of Japanese is required if offering Japan as a major field. (Half course)
This course analyzes modern Japan's historical development by focusing on her putatively unique "national polity" (kokutai) centered on the imperial institution. We study political, socio economic, and ideological dimensions of the emperor system - its formation under the Western Impact and Meiji Restoration, legal implementation in the 1889 imperial constitution, apparent demise in 1945, and revival in the postwar era. Stress is placed on the weakness of offsetting liberal democratic forces in Japan. A reading knowledge of Japanese is required if offering Japan as a major field. (Half course)
This course examines the social history of working-class life in North America and western Europe during the century after 1850. It approaches workers' lives in mature industrial capitalist society from many directions: their families and households, gender relations, work experience, community lives, union organizing and industrial conflict, and political activity, as well as the responses of other classes and the state. The comparative framework allows for a better understanding of the diversity of national experiences in the development of working-class lifestyles and institutions. Readings will be drawn from the rich new body of historical and theoretical writing on both sides of the Atlantic over the past twenty years. (Full course)
This course will examine, from a theoretical and methodological perspective, two of the schools which currently dominate the field of social history: the British neo-Marxists and the French Annales. Particular attention will be devoted to their intellectual roots, their problematic, their methodological strategies, and their contrasting perspectives of response to classic historical-sociological theories of change. The readings will focus on the work of a select number of leading practitioners wherever possible. On the British side these will be Eric Hobsbawm, Christopher Hill and E.P. Thompson; on the French, Fernand Braudel, Pierre Coubert and E. Le Roy Ladurie (whose best-known works have all been translated into English). (Full course)
This methodological course addresses one or more of the following: oral history in oral cultures; historians’ use of oral evidence found in written form; and current methods of collecting oral evidence through interviewing.
This course is a social and cultural history of immigrants in North America from the origins of mass migration to the present. Beginning with a critical examination of the historiography of North American immigrant and ethnic studies, it assesses the immigrant experience through a variety of themes. The social dimensions are explored through such topics as the causes and strategies of migration, social segregation and stratification, race and gender. The cultural aspects deal with questions of identity, cultural retention and accommodation, xenophobia, multiculturalism, and multiracialism. Attention will also be given to immigration and refugee policies, responses to such policies, as well as their effectiveness in regulating the economic, social, and cultural life of North America.(Full course.)
(In some years this course may be offered as Hst. 5530.03 The North American Immigrant Experience to the Depression and 5531.03 The North American Immigrant Experience from the Depression to the Present). (Full course)
This course examines the historiography of the North American environment from contact with Europeans to the late twentienth century. Focusing on concepts of environmental change and exchange, the course also considers the history of landscape. (Half course - Effective Date & Term: Fall 2007)
This interdisciplinary seminar studies associations between “women” and “nature” that have informed intellectual and cultural traditions. Among its many and shifting meanings, nature has been understood as a conceptual category (“laws of nature”), a material reality (bodies, breasts, flowers), and a gendered icon (“Mother Nature”). How do associations such as these intersect with a range of analytics in feminist scholarship? And what are the implications of these associations for the historical experiences and practices of women in earlier times and now? Historical Perspectives on Women and Nature seeks answers to these questions.
This course evaluates the commonalities and differences of the rise of women workers across industrializing economies. Although working women in Europe, the Americas, and East Asia have been depicted in universal manners, the timing of their emergence, the ways they entered into wage work, the conditions of their labor, and the characteristics of their chores differed according to cultural, social, political, economic, and historical differences. This class examines how a region’s developmental particularities affected women’s statuses as wage earners.
This course examines how race, class, gender and ethnicity have influenced women's domestic labour and labour force participation in Canada from the seventeenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Students will examine current theoretical and methodological issues relating to the field, as well as assess the impact of the major transformations in women's work on their private and public lives. Some reference will be made to the experience of British and American women as well. (Full course)
HIST 5561 3.0: Issues in Comparative Women's and Gender History: Part One: The Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
This course aims to give students a broad introduction to the similarities and differences in women's experiences and in national meanings of gender, class and race in different countries by examining selected themes in the history of women between the late eighteenth and late nineteenth centuries. It draws on historical writing about women on different continents and in different nations and colonies, focusing largely, but not exclusively on issues that became part of international discussion and organization as well as on particular national and regional experiences. (Half course.)
Same as WMST 6405.03.
This course encourages students to examine the similarities and the differences in women's experiences of class, race and gender in a selected number of twentieth century countries. While much of the focus will be on women in European and North America, it seeks to relate the history of European and North American women to the twentieth century expansion of the empires in Asia and Africa. (Half course)
Same as WMST 6506.03.
No aspect of china's revolutionary experience in the 20th Century has proven more fundamental, or controversial, than the transformation in women's lives. The liberation of women has been criticized as incomplete at best and at worst a betrayal that merely replaced Confucian patriarchy with "socialist patriarchy". The persistence of patriarchal culture in China raises crucial issues for feminist theory related to gender, class, culture, sexuality, nationalism and development. This course will draw on a variety of materials-history, sociology, anthropology, literature, art, film, memoir-to explore these theoretical issues and this lived experience, from the New Culture Movement of 1915 to the Democracy movement of 1989. Wherever possible we will draw on the voices of Chinese women themselves. This course is offered as either a full- or half-course depending on faculty availability. (Half/Full course)
Same at WMST 6106.03/.06
This course analyses the history of slavery and emancipation in the Americas and Africa from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century. It considers the origins and development of the plantation system of the Americas, the demography and economics of trans-Atlantic slave trade, the impact of the slave trade on Africa, the abolition movement against the slave trade and slavery, and the nature of post-emancipation societies. The geographical focus of the course includes the areas from where slaves came as well as areas where slaves were destined. The theoretical literature on slavery is also examined. (Full course)
This course provides a "hands on" introduction to the concerns and methods of social historians as well as to the varied sources with which they work. Students will be presented with a problem and the sources with which the instructor is engaged. After locating the issue historiographically they will familiarize themselves with the relevant literature before working through the sources with the instructor. (Half course)
This course examines transnational historical processes and events, focusing on temporal and geographic scales outside of traditional national histories, and on linking the local and the global. It considers how global forces affect societies, and problematizes core historical assumptions.
This course explores the history of sexuality in the United States, Canada, Britain, France, and Germany. Topics covered include cross-sex and same-sex sexualities; relationships between sex, gender, class, race, ethnicity, nationality, and sexuality; sexual reproduction; commercialized sexualities; and sexual disease. (Half course)
Beginning with the Protestant Reformation and ending with the establishment of the Hanoverian dynasty, this course examines the important political and social changes of these two centuries, with special attention to the revolution of the mid-seventeenth century.
This course will examine modern British history since the late nineteenth century through the prism of identity. Reference is made to some of the varieties of identity apparent in modern Britain: imperial, national, class, and gender, and to their historical development over the period from the 1880s to the 1980s. This will include examinations of the following: the impact of imperialism and the withdrawal from empire upon conceptions of the nation; the impact of imperial power and cross-cultural contact upon ideas of race in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; the growth of 'Englishness' as the dominant form of British national identity in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; tensions within the union; continuity and change in the structure and outlook of the working-classes in the 19th and 20th centuries; changing conceptions of femininity, masculinity, and sexuality; the impact of ethnic groups upon British identity in the twentieth century. There are particular events which are important in this consideration, such as the expansion and contraction of empire, participation in two world wars; the growth of democracy; women's entry into the public sphere; post-war immigration from the new Commonwealth; and the experience of economic decline. In addition to discussing the historiography of these particular issues, the course examines the theoretical backdrop to questions of identity, particularly in such areas as gender history and colonial and post-colonial theory. (Full course)
This course deals with themes in cultural history from the late nineteenth century to the present, focusing on the interrelationship between ideas, culture, political, social, and economic change. While drawing on a wide body of readings in North American, British, and European history, it brings attention to bear upon the expression, social context, and impact of ideas and culture in the United States and Canada. It views culture not only as forms of artistic expression but as any value or trait which shapes society and, hence, infuses social and political ideas and trends. Weekly readings explore works in such areas as the cultural history of industrialism imperialism, modernism, primitivism, antimodernist, social reform, social and behavioural science, the quantitative revolution, medicine, gender and sexuality, consumerism and advertising, mass culture, popular culture, and post modernism.
How has dreaming been constituted as both experience and evidence in Western culture? Taking scientific, medical, religious, literary, and visual materials as examples, this course examines the variety of ways of “knowing dreaming” that have evolved since Antiquity.”
This course is intended as an introduction to an important field of historical research, if one that is more often cultivated by specialists in specific languages and literatures than by card-bearing historians. "Linguistic history" concerns the historically and culturally variable ways in which societies perceive and manage languages and linguistic situations, especially in times of transformation.
First, the course will introduce some concepts concerning how societies have been organized linguistically and the variety of social roles that languages have had. Through a series of case studies we will then examine how historical projects and processes of different kinds -- such as religious reform, nationalism, and colonialism are also linguistic in key ways (for instance, nation building is often inseparable from the crafting and imposition of national languages). Another central aim will be to interrogate the politics behind seemingly innocent or neutral enterprises of language study and linguistic "improvement."
HIST 5780 3.0: Low law and petty justice: inferior courts and tribunals in Britain and its empire, 1400-2000
Although “law” brings to mind images of the bewigged high court judge and professional attorney, in the British imperial tradition most law was (and is) dispensed by lay justices and minor officials whose sessions and tribunals existed outside or beneath the formal hierarchy of courts of record and were only occasionally supervised by them. This seminar explores the external and internal history of adjudication, regulation, and dispute resolution by such individuals and institutions, both within the state system and on its margins, and their interactions with the judiciary and the state. The emphasis is on Britain and North America, 18C-20C, with scope to examine other places and periods depending on the interests and knowledge of seminar participants. The approach is interdisciplinary and comparative.
This seminar provides a critical overview of the development, organization and practice of science in the 20th century. The readings are based on a combination of historical case studies and thematic theoretic analysis of the socio-political context of scientific knowledge. (Full course)
This course focuses on nineteenth century British and European science and its social, political, cultural, and intellectual contexts. Adopting the "contextualist" approach to the history of science allows us to raise a series of provocative questions: in what way did all of these different contexts shape the "nature of nineteenth century scientific thought? How were scientific "facts" socially constructed? What was it about the nineteenth century context that led many intellectuals to reject Christianity and embrace science as providing a new, privileged form of knowledge? Included among the topics to be covered are the discourse of natural theology, the politics of geological controversy, Scottish philosophy and phrenology, radical working class Lamarckianism in England during the 1830's, the plurality of worlds debate, science and gender, the professionalization of science, English scientific naturalism and German scientific materialism, the literary structure of Darwin's Origin of Species, Darwinian theory and its ideological uses, and the late nineteenth century physics and psychics. This course will be of interest to students of British, European, social, and intellectual history. (Full course)
This course introduces the concepts and techniques of computer-assisted historical research, including research design, the nature of historical evidence, and methods appropriate to its use. Workshop sessions provide hands-on experience with a variety of software applications. Particular attention is given to techniques for working with documentary sources, including data modelling, coding, tagging, and text analysis. The course introduces the characteristics and uses of text editors, flat-file, text and relational databases, calculating engines of various kinds (including spreadsheets and statistical packages), search tools, concordance and indexing tools, and pattern-recognizes. (Half course)
This course provides students undertaking computer-assisted historical research with a structured approach to analysing the research problem, describing its logic, designing a research plan, identifying appropriate tools and techniques, and implementing the project. Students work in a seminar setting to develop a computer-assisted research plan suitable to their topic and sources, and to implement a small-scale version of the plan suitable for testing nd refinement. Attention is given to techniques for customizing and adapting software tools to the needs of the particular research project, including format conversion and scripting languages. Specific applications and techniques to be examined in depth will vary from year to year depending on the needs, experience and interests of the participants. Prerequisite: Hist. 5840.03 (Doing History with Computers I) or permission of the instructor. (Half course)
This course examines the relationship between the natural and the human sciences
by studying the ways in which historical thinking has been applied to nature, specifically in natural history, geology, and aspects of biology, administration and economics. (Half course)
Analysis of Canadian economic, social and intellectual development relating to science and technology, including state involvement in education, application of technology and science to agriculture, industry, science policy and the support of large-scale technoscience such as nuclear energy and space.
This course examines the adjustment to freedom in the former slave societies of the Americas. Recent scholarly literature has shifted from a concern with slavery to an examination of the problems of post-emancipation reconstruction. New scholarship has focused on the struggles to confront the legacies of slavery and the problems facing the emancipated as they sought to define new lives for themselves. Some of the crucial questions include concerns with how societies move from their race-based class structures to ensure equality of opportunities for all; in what ways does the manner of emancipation determine the nature of the post slavery society; the role of gender in structuring citizenship; and how is freedom defined and expressed in the aftermath of slavery. This course will examine some of those concerns in the recent literature paying particular attention to the role of cultural institutions created by the emancipated to define and expand the idea of freedom.The approach is comparative with an emphasis on the Caribbean, Brazil and Louisiana. (Half course)
This seminar examines selected themes in the social and cultural history of the Caribbean in the period between the declaration of Haitian independence in 1804 and the end of colonial rule in the Anglo-Caribbean. The approach is thematic rather than chronological and the assumption is that students will already have had a general "narrative" of the basic historical developments I the region. The course begins with a review of the literature on the slave period in order to be able to identify continuities and changes. It then focuses on the scholarship which delineates the attempts at social reconstruction and cultural change in the aftermath of slaver. A major concern of the course is the discussion of the theories, methods and techniques of Caribbean historiography of this period. (Full course)
This seminar examines the slave trade and the African diaspora, including the regional and ethnic origins of the enslaved population, the demographic structure of the slave trade, and the cultural and social adjustments of people under slavery. The course studies the continuities and disjunctures in the cultural and social experiences of the enslaved population and hence addresses issues of ethnicity, identity, religion, and resistance. The course concentrates on the African diaspora in the Americas, beginning with an analysis of the historical context of enslavement in Africa and the subsequent adjustments of enslaved Africans and their descendants to the plantations, mines, and cities of the Americas. The Seminar will use the W.E.B. Du Bois database of slaving voyages to identify topics of study, specifically relating to an analysis of gender, age, regional origin, and final destination in determining areas of future research. Linkages with the diaspora and between different parts of the diaspora and Africa will be examined, including the period after the abolition of the slave trade and the emancipation of slaves in the Americas. The development of a parallel diaspora in the Islamic world, both within West Africa and across the Sahara Desert into the heartlands of Islam, will be studied for comparative purposes. Finally, the impact of the external slave trade to the Americas and the Islamic world on western Africa and the related transformations in African history are also considered. (Full course)
This course examines and compares the responses of the Africans and their descendants in the Americas to the experiences of enslavement, racism, colonialism and imperialism from the fifteenth century to the nineteenth century.
This course examines major themes in the Historiography of Africa, taking account of change over time and variations based on sources
This course examines recent developments in the historiography of Latin America. Depending on the instructor, it may concern itself with the colonial or modern periods, and it may attend most closely to cultural, economic, environmental, gender or political histories. (Full course)
This class explores the historiography of a commodity: the production, distribution, and consumption of goods such as sugar, bananas, alcohol, copper, or coffee. The commodity to be studied will vary according to the interests of the course director and the needs of the students.
This class examines the historiography of working class communities with particular attention to transnational and comparative studies. It begins with foundational scholarship of class formation by historians of Europe, Southeast Asian, and the United States, along with theoretical models for labor history in Latin America drawn from sociology and political science. Then it turns to exemplary works in community labor histories from Central and South America dealing with race, ethnicity, and gender. The question driving the course is: why and how do people organize?
Selected problems in the social, economic and political history of Great Britain since the Industrial Revolution. The list of topics for discussion is flexible, depending upon the interests and preparation of students from year to year and the speciality of the course director. The focus this year will be on social change; popular movements and working class culture; women, work and the family; education, leisure and social policy. (Full course)
The approach in this course is both thematic and historiographical. Themes from social, political, economic, and intellectual history will receive attention, with some emphasis on the relations among them. (Full course)
Note: This course is intended for newly admitted Ph.D. I candidates for whom American history is the major or minor field of study, and for candidates from other programs who require a field in American history. Other graduate students could take the course with the permission of the Graduate Director.
This course deals with important problems in Canadian history, and it emphasizes the critical examination of the historical literature concerned with those problems. The topics normally included are the interpretation of Canadian history, the foundation and development of New France and British North America prior to Confederation, the nature of Canadian nationalism, regionalism and continentalism, political parties and the political process, the political economy of Canada, external relations, French-Canadian society, and French English relations. When appropriate, attention is paid to relevant literature in other disciplines. A reading knowledge of French is essential. (Full course)
Note: This course is intended for newly admitted Ph.D. I candidates for whom Canadian history is the major or minor field of study, and for candidates from other programs who require a field in Canadian history. The staff issues a topical bibliography for this field which all registrants are expected to master and on which analytical discussion is based.
This course will deal with the major problems in the political, intellectual social and economic history of Western Europe since 1815. As one of its purposes is to prepare candidates for their qualifying examinations, the emphasis will be upon the critical examination of historical literature. The course will focus principally but not exclusively upon the history of France, Germany and Italy. Topics chosen for 1988-89 include the origins of the Third Republic, the politics of Wilhelmine Germany, European Anti-Semitism, the transformation of peasant societies, the impact of the First World War, and the rise of Fascism and National Socialism. A reading knowledge of one major European language (French, German or Italian) is essential. (Full course)
This course examines key issues in the political, economic and social history of three southern European countries: Italy, Spain and Portugal, in the 19th and 20th centuries. The topics discussed include underdevelopment and late industrialization, national unification and regionalist movements, rural society, the crisis of democracy in the inter war period and the restoration of democracy after World War II. In order to emphasize comparisons among these three countries the course is organized thematically rather than chronologically. (Half course)
This course investigates the major historical debates as they relate to German nationalism and nation-state building. Important political and socio-economic developments in Germany such as war and revolution, the forces of autocracy and militarism, economic protectionism and social paternalism will be surveyed. Also, the problem of regional and political particularism will be addressed. However, the historiographical focus is directed towards analyzing the reasons and circumstances for shifts in paradigm and methodological innovation. Here, special attention will be paid to "historicism" and the influence of political ideology on historical model building. It is in a framework of divergent concepts and methods that the course seeks to analyze the issue of historical change and continuity in modern German history. (Half course)
Third Republic France has traditionally received mixed reviews from historians. It became a functioning political democracy well before most other major European states including Germany, Italy and Great Britain. It nonetheless collapsed ignominiously in 1940. One purpose of this course will be to examine why and how political democracy took hold in late nineteenth century France and how the regime managed to survive the many threats to its existence in the twentieth century. The course will also examine the links between late Third Republic France and the Vichy regime that succeeded it in 1940. In addition to the general political history of the period, special attention will be paid to the following topics: the unique nature of late nineteenth century French industrialization, the problems of political sociology and the on-going debates concerning French fascism and the military collapse in 1940.
This course will examine the recent literature in selected areas of British, European, Canadian and American social history from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century. Topics of study include family and community in pre-industrial society, the origins of the institutional state, women and social reform and race, ethnicity, class and social structure.
This course examines the cultural preoccupations of texts of Sino-Western contacts from the Boxer Rebellion to the present day. Popular culture and the impact on Asian Americans and Modern Chinese youth of the gender stereotyping in such texts are highlighted.
Law grows out of past law; law changes by escaping (or rediscovering) past law. Particularly in common law countries, law is in constant and paradoxical dialogue with history as well as current issues. The seminar explores the deep roots of legal systems, precedent, the authority of 'elders', custom and context, and a selection of substantive doctrines. Research interests of seminar members help determine which substantive areas (from criminal, evidence, labour, contract, tort, family law) are emphasized in any given year. The approach is interdisciplinary and comparative, designed for students in either law or history, bringing the perspectives of both disciplines to the seminar.
This course surveys English language scholarship on the historical development of China and Japan. Topics may include: The Opium War and Taiping Rebellion, Self Strengthening, the Meiji Restoration and Japanese imperialism, the Sino-Japanese War, World War I and II in East Asia, and the establishment of new regimes in China and Japan.
This course surveys the scholarly literature on African history, especially the topics of slavery, pre-colonial political development, the rise of "legitimate" trade, colonialism, and decolonization. The course concentrates on economimc and social factors in African history and considers the major methodological issues in the reconstruction of the African past. It is assumed that students have a considerable knowledge of African history. A reading knowledge of French is desirable.
This course surveys the scholarly literature on European expansion in Africa from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the end of the First World War, with particular emphasis on the Partition of Africa, c. 1880-1905. During the fall term, the seminar concentrates on the growth of European interest in Africa after 1815 and examines the Partition as an aspect of European imperialism. Special attention will be paid to the African policies of Great Britain and France, as well as to Anglo-French rivalries in Africa. However, the role of other European powers will also be considered. During the winter term, the seminar focuses on the nature of African responses to European expansion and to the initial impact of European colonial rule. The emphasis here will be on the different strategies adopted by African states in seeking to cope with the European intrusion. Several major rebellions against the imposition of colonial rule will also be discussed.
This course provides an overview and analysis of key historiographical and methodological issues in the history of science, health and medicine, the environment and the social sciences. Students will be exposed to the evolution f scholarship in these fields and will engage in analysis of contemporary historiographic and methodological debates. Specific texts may vary from year to year, but will include topics such as: science and public culture; social and physical environments as determinants of health; approaches to the history of the social and behavioural sciences; and the imperial impulse in science.
This course examines various different approaches to the study of Ancient Greek and Roman History, and provides training in the techniques involved in handling different types of source material. (Half course)
This course explores the history of women, genders and sexualities. It provides students with a broad picture of the development of these areas of historical inquiry, explores the political and theoretical movements that shaped them, concentrates on the work of some of their most influential historians, and investigates selected themes and a range of different periods and national and global contexts. Themes will vary. They may include gender and science, indigenous peoples, colonialism, politics, genders and sexualities, and professional practices and politics. Students will work with some of the key conceptual and theoretical concepts and will enhance their analytical and communication skills through discussions and frequent written work. The course is intended primarily for doctoral students in History or Women’s Studies who intend making the history of women, genders and sexualities one of their doctoral fields. As the course will normally be team-taught students will work with some of York’s many historians who specialize in these areas.